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Using Motivational Interviewing While Taking a Patient’s Sexual Health History: Principles, Techniques, and Strategies for HIV Prevention


Published Date: 05/24/2022

Expiration Date: 03/15/2025

CE Credit: CME:1CNE: 1


This course will review the foundations of motivational interviewing (MI) which is a collaborative, goal-oriented style of communication with particular attention to the language of change. It is designed to strengthen personal motivation for and commitment to a specific goal by eliciting and exploring the person’s own reasons for change within an atmosphere of acceptance and compassion. This course will demonstrate that the MI approach promotes motivation to take PrEP via a nonjudgmental discussion of the benefits and implications of taking PrEP and how this decision might align with one's goals. Motivating self-reflection and increased awareness of the risks and benefits associated with taking PrEP through education may ultimately culminate in more health-promoting decisions.


Cynthia Cabral,PhD

Cynthia Cabral, Ph.D. (pronouns: she/they) is a licensed clinical psychologist and just accepted a position as Network Director of Mental Health for DREAM. Previously, Dr. Cabral served as the Clinical Director at PRIDE(Promoting Resilience, Intersectionality, Diversity, and Equity) Research Consortium affiliated with Hunter College, where she provided clinical supervisory support for research focused on reducing HIV transmission and risky sexual behavior with at risk populations such as men who have sex with men and trans young adults. Dr. Cabral received her doctoral degree from St. John’s University, where her research fellowship focused on the assessment and treatment of trauma in racial/ethnic minority communities throughout Western Queens. She has provided clinical treatment to adolescents in day treatment settings with substance use and mental health disorders, adolescent survivors of physical and sexual abuse, and students in school-based settings with a variety of mental health concerns using evidence-based, trauma-informed, and culturally competent treatment interventions. In doing so, Dr. Cabral has developed expertise in trauma-informed care and an understanding of the relationship between identity development, trauma, and health outcomes.

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the Transtheoretical Model and the five stages of change.
  • Review basic Motivational Interviewing skills.
  • Identify how to begin incorporating Motivational Interviewing principles while taking a patient’s sexual health history and to determine where PrEP might fit into a patient’s sexual health care plan.

Continuing Education Credit Information